Glossary of Notary Terms
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This glossary has been prepared to assist you in understanding commonly used words related to legal documents and the performance of their duties. The definitions are not precise legal definitions, but are generally based on Black’s Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT Flagler County Closing Flagler County Closing
A formal declaration before an authorized official (a notary public) by a person signing an instrument that such execution is his or her free act and deed. The term also refers to the notary’s certificate on the document indicating that it was so acknowledged.

ADMINISTER Flagler County Closing
To discharge the duties of an office; to give (as in the giving of an oath).

AFFIDAVIT Flagler County Closing
A written statement of facts made voluntarily and confirmed by the oath or affirmation of the party making it before an officer authorized to administer oaths, i.e., a notary public.

AFFIRM Flagler County Closing
To make a solemn, formal declaration under the penalty of perjury that certain statements are true. An affirmation is legally equivalent to an oath and may be substituted for an oath when a document requires an oath for its execution, i.e., an affidavit.

AFFIX Flagler County Closing
To attach or impress the notary seal to a document.

APOSTILLE Flagler County Closing
A certificate of notarial authority issued by the Florida Secretary of State for notarized documents being sent out of Florida to those countries who are parties to the international treaty commonly known as the Hague Convention.

ATTEST Flagler County Closing
To bear witness to or to certify.

AUTHENTICATION Flagler County Closing
A process by which the Florida Secretary of State certifies or verifies the status of a notary public. An Apostille or a Certificate of Notarial Authority is attached to the notarized document.

CERTIFIED COPY Flagler County Closing
A copy of a document or record, signed and certified as a true copy by the public official who has custody of the original record. NOTE: A notary may make an “attested photocopy,” but not a certified copy. A certified copy is not the same as an original document.

CODICIL Flagler County Closing
A supplement or addendum to a will.

COERCE Flagler County Closing
To force into submission or compliance.

COMMISSION Flagler County Closing
The certificate issued by the Governor verifying appointment as a notary public and authorizing the notary public to perform the official acts of that office. The commission also bears the commission number and the beginning and ending dates of the term of appointment.

The person who has charge or custody of the document. In the case of making an attested photocopy, the “document’s custodian” is the person presenting the document, who may or may not be the document signer.

DEED Flagler County Closing
A document by which a person conveys (tranfers) real property.

Quitclaim Deed Flagler County Closing - A deed intended to pass any title, interest, or claim which the grantor may have in the real property, but not professing that such title is valid or containing any warranty for title.

Warranty Deed Flagler County Closing - A deed in which the grantor warrants or guarantees good clear title to the real property.

DEPONENT Flagler County Closing
The person giving testimony in a deposition.

DEPOSITION Flagler County Closing
The testimony of a witness, under oath or affirmation, taken outside of court in which lawyers ask oral questions of the witness. The testimony is usually reduced to writing and duly authenticated and is intended to be used in a trial of a civil action or a criminal prosecution.

EXECUTE A DOCUMENT Flagler County Closing
To perform all formalities necessary to make a document fully effective; often a matter of signing, but may require delivery or other elements.

FLORIDA NOTARY PUBLIC Flagler County Closing
A public officer appointed by the Governor whose function is to administer oaths; to take acknowledgments of deeds and other instruments; to attest to photocopies of certain documents; and to perform other duties specified by law.

FLORIDA STATUTES Flagler County Closing
Legislatively enacted laws which govern our state, as opposed to court-decided or unwritten common laws.

FREE ACT AND DEED Flagler County Closing
To admit one’s act and assume the responsibility for it.

GRANTEE Flagler County Closing
A person who receives the deed of real property from the grantor, i.e., generally the buyer.

GRANTOR Flagler County Closing
The person who transfers a deed of real property, i.e, generally the seller.

INSTRUMENT Flagler County Closing
A written document.

JURAT Flagler County Closing
The written notarial certificate on any sworn statement or affidavit completed by the notary public indicating that the document was sworn or affirmed to by the signer.

LEASE Flagler County Closing
An agreement between two parties, where one party is the owner of certain property and grants to another party the right to possess, use and enjoy such property for a specificed period of time in exchange for periodic payment of a stipulated price, referred to as rent.

LESSEE Flagler County Closing
One who rents property from another.

LESSOR Flagler County Closing
One who rents property to another. LIEN A legal right or security attached to real estate or personal property until the payment of some debt, obligation, or duty.

LITIGATION Flagler County Closing
A lawsuit or legal action.

MALFEASANCE Flagler County Closing
The doing of an act which is a person ought not to do at all.

MISFEASANCE Flagler County Closing
The improper doing of an act which a person might lawfully do.

NEGLIGENCE Flagler County Closing
The failure to use such care as a reasonably prudent and careful person would use under similar circumstances.

NOTARIAL ACT Flagler County Closing
The officials acts of a notary public — administering an oath, taking an acknowledgment, attesting to a photocopy, or any other other act authorized by law.

A written statement made by the notary public certifying specific facts of the notarial act performed.

OATH Flagler County Closing
Any form of attestation or pledge by which a person signifies that he or she is bound in conscience and out of a sense of responsibility to a Supreme Being to the truthfulness for some statement. Willfully swearing to untrue statements constitutes perjury.

PERJURY Flagler County Closing
Making a false statement under oath or affirmation. Perjury is a felony punishable by a fine and/or prison term.

PERSONALLY KNOWN Flagler County Closing
Having an acquaintance derived from association with an individual, which establishes the individual’s identity with at least a reasonable certainty.

POWER OF ATTORNEY Flagler County Closing
A document authorizing a person to act as another’s agent or attorney for a specified purpose. Principal — The person making the power of attorney. Attorney-in-Fact — The person authorized to act for another by power of attorney.

REASONABLE CARE Flagler County Closing
The degree of care which a person of ordinary prudence and intelligence would exercise in the same or similar circumstances. Failure to exercise such care is negligence.

Any one of the acceptable forms of identification specified in section 117.05(5), Florida Statutes, providing that the notary does not have any information, evidence, or other circumstances which would lead a reasonable person to believe that the person making the acknowledgment (or taking the oath) is not the person he or she claims to be.

To perform a marriage ceremony.

SUBSCRIBE Flagler County Closing
To sign a document.

SWEAR Flagler County Closing
To take an oath.

TESTATOR Flagler County Closing
The person making a will.

VENUE Flagler County Closing
The location of the notarial act, usually stated in the form:
COUNTY OF ________________

WILL Flagler County Closing
An instrument by which a person makes a disposition of his or her property, to take effect after his or her death.


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